Women in the Renaissance and Reformation Several questions arise when describing the condition of European women in the Renaissance: Did their social or economic condition improve?
Ranging from jewellery to ceramics, most are precious items that would have belonged to the wealthy. This reflects what has survived but also what was collected by the Museum. Interest in the role of women in the medieval and Renaissance period received an upswing with the advent of feminism in the s.
Up to the midth century historians tended to argue that women in the Renaissance, at least those who were wealthy, enjoyed more power and independence than women from previous generations.
Later writers, however, disagreed with such a positive assessment. Forgotten lists of accomplished women began to surface, and historians paid more attention to the role of women as patrons, purchasers and creators of art.
Current scholarship reflects a wide interest in women's history, from studies of convents and nuns, to reflections on the lives of prostitutes and noblewomen, to examination of the work of female artists.
It is also reassessing the degree to which women enjoyed power and independence at this period. In Renaissance Italy, most women from the upper classes had only two options in life: Whether marrying a mortal man or Jesus, they needed a dowry.
Since well-born women did not work, the dowry offset the cost of keeping a wife and family. The husband used the money to invest in property or business, but on his death the capital was returned to the woman. The expense of a dowry led some families to marry off only one daughter, while the rest were sent to a convent as nuns' dowries were considerably smaller.
Nuns needed to bring dowries to ensure that their convents would continue to run smoothly and be able to house and feed them. The relative ages of marriage for upper-class women and men were quite disparate, especially in Florence.
There most men married in their thirties while women were usually in their mid to late teens. This led to a preponderance of young widows, who were often encouraged by their families to marry again in order to create new alliances or preserve old ones.
Once married, a woman was expected to take care of the home, have children and maintain a decorous and chaste appearance so as to bring honour to both families - her own and her husband's. She was also responsible for the education of their young children.
These children were later sent to school, or in the case of young girls, sometimes boarded at convents. There, the nuns taught them needlework, reading and writing.
Women of the upper classes were not expected, or even allowed, to work outside the home; even breast-feeding was considered a job for a lower class woman, and babies from wealthy families were sent out to wet nurses.
Women living in convents as nuns worked by producing gold and silver thread, and often selling it to secular women who used it in their embroidery. The nuns could also use the thread for devotional works of art, such as altar frontals and corporals the cases used to bring the Host to the altareither in their own convent churches or to be sold to others.
Women in the growing middle class sometimes worked in shops, though this was more common in Northern Europe Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium than in Italy. However, even in Italy women of the lower classes had a greater visible presence in the streets than did those of the upper classes, and would meet at communal wells to trade gossip and news.
Church services were one place where women of all classes could appear in public. The exception was Venice, where the courtesans were urged to keep away as foreign visitors to the city had difficulty telling them apart from respectable patrician women.
With a shared interest in fashion, the women of both categories dressed in equally fine gowns and jewels.Women in the Renaissance Summary The women of the Renaissance, like women of the Middle Ages, were denied all political rights and considered legally subject to their husbands.
Women of all classes were expected to perform, first and foremost, the duties of housewife. One of the advantages of being a woman at a renaissance festival is the expansive options you have for outfitting yourself.
Simply by mixing and matching the right chemise, undergarments and gowns you can create a stunning array of styles and looks. A summary of Women in the Renaissance in 's Italian Renaissance (). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Italian Renaissance () and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The Renaissance period was an interesting time, that had some really exquisitely designed clothing for men and women.
The fashion in this period was inclined towards .
Among the Renaissance women, the personalities stood almost independent of their nationalities, with similar defects and qualities, and the same great interest in arts. Women in Italy The Italian women of the Renaissance period brought up large families, and they read Virgil, Cicero and Greek philosophy. As in the Renaissance Period, many women among the Baroque artists came from artist families. Artemisia Gentileschi is an excellent example of this. Waller, Susan, Women Artists in the Modern Era: A Documentary History, Scarecrow Press Inc., London, As such, Black Women of the Harlem Renaissance Era will be of interest to scholars of women’s studies, African American studies, and cultural history, as well as students and anyone wishing to learn more about the women of this important kaja-net.coms: 3.
Renaissance, (French: “Rebirth”) period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages and conventionally held to have been characterized by a surge of interest in Classical scholarship and values.
The Renaissance also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents.
As in the Renaissance Period, many women among the Baroque artists came from artist families. Artemisia Gentileschi is an excellent example of this.
Waller, Susan, Women Artists in the Modern Era: A Documentary History, Scarecrow Press Inc., London,