The gandhian outlook

A religious man, when he is a authentically religious, rises above all the particular group loyalties and becomes a universal man. The great point about Gandhiji is that he realized in practice the theoretical implications of religions that have been with us from the beginning of religions.

The gandhian outlook

Mahatma Gandhi, the immensely popular and "saintly" frail pacifist, and his highly respected, Fabian Socialist acolyte, Jawaharlal Nehru. Less familiar to Westerners is Subhas Chandra Bose, a man of comparable stature who admired Gandhi but despaired at his aims and methods, and who became a bitter rival of Nehru.

The gandhian outlook his memory is still held in high esteem in India, in the West Bose is much less revered, largely because of his wartime collaboration with the Axis powers.

Both before and during the Second World War, Bose worked tirelessly to secure German and Japanese support in freeing his beloved homeland of foreign rule.

The gandhian outlook

During the final two years of the war, Bose -- with considerable Japanese backing -- led the forces of the Indian National Army into battle against the British. Ideology of Fusion As early as -- in his inaugural speech as mayor of Calcutta -- the fervent young Bose first expressed his support for a fusion of socialism and fascism: I would say we have here in this policy and program a synthesis of what modern Europe calls Socialism and Fascism.

We have here the justice, the equality, the love, which is the basis of Socialism, and combined with that we have the efficiency and the discipline of Fascism as it stands in Europe today. For example, in late -- almost a decade-and-a-half later -- in a speech to students at Tokyo University, he asserted that India must have a political system "of an authoritarian character.

To repeat once again, our philosophy should be a synthesis between National Socialism and Communism. Postwar western society recognizes no fascist heroics, and even considers "fascist" traits -- particularly the authoritarian, charismatic, personal style of leadership, and the positive evaluation of violence and the willingness to use it for political purposes -- to be decidedly unpalatable.

In India, though, Bose is regarded as a national hero, in spite of his repeated praise as will be shown for autocratic leadership and authoritarian government, and admiration for the European fascist regimes with which he allied himself. Like the leaders he admired in Italy and Germany, Bose was and still is popularly known as Netaji, or "revered leader.

Bose in his Indian National Army uniform, "exhorting his countrymen forward to one last glorious struggle.

Six months after his death in an airplane crash on August 18,Gandhi declared: His patriotism is second to none. His bravery shines through all his actions. He aimed high and failed. But who has not failed. Their subjective accounts do not even inform the reader that Bose spoke positively about some features of fascism, or else, in an attempt to remove from their hero any possible taint, they qualify his remarks in ways that he himself did not.

During his lifetime, Bose was frequently denounced as a fascist or even a Nazi, particularly in the wake of the radical, revolutionary as opposed to reformist views he expressed in radio addresses broadcast to India from National Socialist Germany and, later, from quasi-fascist Japan.

After all, wrote Nair, he was clearly a fascist. Das, whom he idolized. He was jailed for six months in because of his po-litical activities. As a result of his remarkable leadership abilities and ambition, he advanced quickly through nationalist ranks.

Inat the age of 27, Bose was elected the Chief Executive Officer of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation, which effectively put him in charge of the second-largest city in the British empire.

As a result of his close ties with nationalist terrorists, in late he was detained by British authorities and held, without trial, for three years in prison. Inthe year-old Bose was elected president of the BPCC, and, at the Calcutta meeting of the Congress party held that December, he came to national prominence by pressing unsuccessfully for the adoption by his provincial committee of an independence resolution.

By Bose had formulated the broad strategy that he believed India must follow to throw off the yoke of British imperialism and assume its rightful place as a leader in Asia. Until his death 15 years later, Bose would continue publicly to praise certain aspects of fascism and express his hope for a synthesis of that ideology and socialism.

His detailed comments on the matter in his book The Indian Struggle:At age 9, Gandhi entered the local school in Rajkot, near his he studied the rudiments of arithmetic, history, the Gujarati language and geography.

At age 11, he joined the High School in Rajkot. He was an average student, won some prizes, but was a shy and tongue tied student, with no interest in games; his only companions were .

If philosophy is wisdom, Mahatma Gandhi was among our foremost philosophers. He had the wisdom of Socrates, the humility of St Francis of Assisi, the mass appeal of Lenin, the saintliness of the ancient Indian rishis and the profound love of humanity of the Buddha.

Gandhian Outlook and Philosophy.

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Mahatma Gandhi was a revolutionary who was committed to protest and eradicate all types of oppression. He was influenced by the writings of Thoreau and Tolstoy and he studied many scriptures including the Gita, the Ramayana and the Upanishads. The origins of Gandhi’s world view in Europe’s fin-de-siècle culture are also becoming clearer: Leela Gandhi persuasively links her great-grandfather’s outlook to an antimaterialist.

The Gandhian Outlook Gandhiji was essentially a religious man. A religious man, when he is a authentically religious, rises above all the particular group loyalties and becomes a universal man. R.T.U., Kota Scheme and Syllabus (1st ndand 2 Semesters) effective from Session 2 | P a g e Scheme of Teaching & Examination for I year I Semester Effective from the Session: –

Subhas Chandra Bose and India's Struggle for Independence