Hickerson for assistance in the field, and M. Morrison and The Nature Conservancy for permission to access the field site. This research was supported with funds from a U. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
For large public-private or government projects revenue sources might also include: Bonds, usually for large capital expenditures Taxes, primarily income, property and sales taxes Use fees and tolls With small fast-growing companies such as e-Business startups, investors often track expected revenues and revenue growth and may make changes to increase revenue.
However, after the Dot-Com boom ended, more traditional measures such as cash flow and earnings have came back into favor as means of evaluation. Activities, Resources and Capabilities The activities, resources and capabilities of a business are sometimes known as its requirements.
In order to perform the activities required to carry out the mission of the business, certain resources are needed; for example, employees with certain skills, or capabilities, are needed to perform activities correctly and efficiently.
Also, inventions, processes and other intellectual property may add to the individual knowledge of an employee to develop a competence in the performance of the required activities.
Activities Activities are specific business processes or groups of processes such as design, production and sales that implement the business concept.
The operational business model identifies the costs and outputs of each activity. Activities drive the need for resources. Existing activities should be carefully scrutinized in order to conserve resources and reduce costs.
Activities left over from previous initiatives, but not currently necessary should be curtailed. This may sound elementary but businesses start many activities over time, especially if its business concept changes.
But one doesn't often hear of a large business curtailing its activities in order to focus on its current mission. Also, proposed activities should be carefully reviewed before a commitment is made to develop them. Not only should they be aligned with the goals of the organization and contribute to offerings in demand in the market, but the required resources and capabilities should be considered.
The implementation of some activities, such as production or manufacturing, have high costs that must be incurred before a product can be sold and revenues begin to flow. Some fundamental e-business activities may infringe on patents. Business processes, or the "method of doing business" may be patented, so that a business model may unwittingly include the development or use of intellectual property owned by another party.
Patents have been freely awarded for even the most straight forward business processes. CyberGold has a patent for pay-per-view ads where the customer enjoys an incentive for clicking on them Netincentives has a patent for online incentives programs, possibly in conflict with CyberGold's Netword LLC has a patent for a Web navigation based on keywords rather than URLs Open Market has a patent on electronic shopping carts, on paying with credit cards using the secure socket layer encryption and on secure credit card transactions.
However, there are now several types of shopping carts. One-click shopping allows the prospective buyer to bypass the use of a "shopping cart", which is cumbersome for many users. This business process has been used freely by traditional businesses since the beginning of recorded history and the fact that this process has been patented is very controversial.
Also controversial is Priceline. In effect, a few companies have patented Internet business models, which are being used by many other companies. If these patents can be easily licensed at reasonable rates then there won't be a problem in the future development of e-business.
But if not, the resulting chaos will inhibit the growth of the online business world. Resources In order to perform activities an organization requires human, tangible, intangible and supporting resources.
Human resources, in particular the skills and knowledge of employees are important, as are the programs e. Of related importance is the "corporate culture" that shapes how employees work together and which may also be instrumental in determining how a company works with its partners, or whether a merger between two companies can be successful.
Tangible, or physical and financial, resources include facilities, equipment, and cash reserves. Intangible resources include intellectual property, business processes that can be patented, brands, customer profiles and personalization data in databases, and customized software.
Supporting systems include organizational structure, information systems or communications processes that may have little value as stand-alone resources. Capacity The total resources of the organization represent its capacity. When resources are underutilized, the company has resources that aren't used, or idle capacity.
Idle capacity in manufacturing tends to be measured in terms of additional output that could be produced.The paper presents the problem of international business strategy. First, the authors define a concept The third difference has to do with strategy integration and competitive moves.
‘Integration’ and − low political risk − low cost. Sep 19, · Premise of the study: Low-elevation surveys with small aerial drones (micro–unmanned aerial vehicles [UAVs]) may be used for a wide variety of applications in plant ecology, including mapping vegetation over small- to medium-sized regions.
Samsung Electronics strategy has successfully achieved both low-cost advantages and differentiated products. Samsung is able to achieve and maintain its low cost position due to various factors. Samsung has always emphasized on process and production efficiency.4/4(1).
Izumi Kawanishi, Director, EVP, Sony Mobile Communications Inc., said: “Sony has been part of the 5G NR and NSA standardization and recognizes the progress in 3GPP to reach this important milestone with features targeting evolved mobile broadband and ultra low latency communications.
Samsung Electronics Words | 4 Pages. Q1. Samsung Electronics strategy has successfully achieved both low-cost advantages and differentiated products. Samsung is able to achieve and maintain its low cost position due to various factors.
Samsung has always emphasized on . The concept of strategy 1 kaja-net.com Introduction and objectives 2 Opening Case: Strategy and success: Lady Gaga and Jeff Bezos3 The role of strategy in success 6 A brief history of strategy 8 Origins 8 The evolution of business strategy 9 Strategy today 11 What is strategy?