Music then and now essay

Italian opera Opera originated in Italy in the late 16th century during the time of the Florentine Camerata. Through the centuries that followed, opera traditions developed in Naples and Venice; the operas of Claudio MonteverdiAlessandro Scarlattiand, later, of Gioacchino RossiniVincenzo Belliniand Gaetano Donizetti flourished. Opera has remained the musical form most closely linked with Italian music and Italian identity. This was most obvious in the 19th century through the works of Giuseppe Verdian icon of Italian culture and pan-Italian unity.

Music then and now essay

Clement Greenberg This is Greenberg's breakthrough essay fromwritten for the Partisan Review when he was twenty-nine years of age and at the time more involved with literature than with painting.

He came, later, to reject much of the essay -- notably the definition of kitsch which he later believed to be ill thought out as, indeed, it is.

Later he came to identify the threat to high art as coming from middlebrow taste, which in any event aligns much more closely with the academic than kitsch ever did or could.

The essay has an air and assurance of '30s Marxism, with peculiar assumptions such Music then and now essay that only under socialism could the taste of the masses be raised. But for all that, the essay stakes out new territory.

Although the avant-garde was an accepted fact in the '30s. Greenberg was the first to define its social and historical context and cultural import. The essay also carried within it the seeds of his notion of modernism.

Despite its faults and sometimes heady prose, it stands as one of the important theoretical documents of 20th century culture.

Music then and now essay

All four are on the order of culture, and ostensibly, parts of the same culture and products of the same society. Here, however, their connection seems to end. A poem by Eliot and a poem by Eddie Guest -- what perspective of culture is large enough to enable us to situate them in an enlightening relation to each other?

Does the fact that a disparity such as this within the frame of a single cultural tradition, which is and has been taken for granted -- does this fact indicate that the disparity is a part of the natural order of things? Or is it something entirely new, and particular to our age? The answer involves more than an investigation in aesthetics.

Music then and now essay

It appears to me that it is necessary to examine more closely and with more originality than hitherto the relationship between aesthetic experience as met by the specific -- not the generalized -- individual, and the social and historical contexts in which that experience takes place. What is brought to light will answer, in addition to the question posed above, other and perhaps more important questions.

A society, as it becomes less and less able, in the course of its development, to justify the inevitability of its particular forms, breaks up the accepted notions upon which artists and writers must depend in large part for communication with their audiences.

It becomes difficult to assume anything. All the verities involved by religion, authority, tradition, style, are thrown into question, and the writer or artist is no longer able to estimate the response of his audience to the symbols and references with which he works. In the past such a state of affairs has usually resolved itself into a motionless Alexandrianism, an academicism in which the really important issues are left untouched because they involve controversy, and in which creative activity dwindles to virtuosity in the small details of form, all larger questions being decided by the precedent of the old masters.

The same themes are mechanically varied in a hundred different works, and yet nothing new is produced: Statius, mandarin verse, Roman sculpture, Beaux-Arts painting, neo-republican architecture. It is among the hopeful signs in the midst of the decay of our present society that we -- some of us -- have been unwilling to accept this last phase for our own culture.

In seeking to go beyond Alexandrianism, a part of Western bourgeois society has produced something unheard of heretofore: A superior consciousness of history -- more precisely, the appearance of a new kind of criticism of society, an historical criticism -- made this possible.

This criticism has not confronted our present society with timeless utopias, but has soberly examined in the terms of history and of cause and effect the antecedents, justifications and functions of the forms that lie at the heart of every society. Thus our present bourgeois social order was shown to be, not an eternal, "natural" condition of life, but simply the latest term in a succession of social orders.

New perspectives of this kind, becoming a part of the advanced intellectual conscience of the fifth and sixth decades of the nineteenth century, soon were absorbed by artists and poets, even if unconsciously for the most part.

It was no accident, therefore, that the birth of the avant-garde coincided chronologically -- and geographically, too -- with the first bold development of scientific revolutionary thought in Europe.Compelling stories, cutting-edge classical music, National Theater, literary events, comedy shows, film screenings and much more all at Symphony Space.

See what's on, and pick up a ticket. Bernard Herrmann Legacy Interviews Bernard Herrmann Legacy Interviews - An ongoing project by the Film Music Foundation Currently online is the first batch with interviews: Dorothy Herrmann, Steven Smith, Larry Cohen, Paul Hirsch and Richard Kaufman!

more to come!. RIP Basil Ramsey Herrmann's friend Basil Ramsey died at the age of th Birthday Anniversary Bernard Herrmann was born .

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John Cage: An Autobiographical Statement. What follows is John Cage's "Autobiographical Statement"(), which, in time, will transform into a fully animated multimedia kaja-net.cominked words will take you to a wealth of materials across media -- some drawn from the archives of the John Cage Trust, some discovered within the folds of the World Wide Web, some newly created.

Mar 08,  · From SZA and Charli XCX to Gucci Mane and Jake Paul, 25 writers — John Jeremiah Sullivan, Angela Flournoy, Hanif Abdurraqib and more — tell us what’s happening to pop. September Remember the essays you had to write in high school? Topic sentence, introductory paragraph, supporting paragraphs, conclusion.

The conclusion being, say, that Ahab in Moby Dick was a Christ-like figure. Oy.

Music of the Past vs Today's Music | Teen Ink