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Paradox in poetry means that tension at the surface of a verse can lead to apparent contradictions and hypocrisies. Brooks' seminal essay, The Language of Paradox, lays out his argument for the centrality of paradox by demonstrating that paradox is "the language appropriate and inevitable to poetry.
Brooks points to William Wordsworth 's poem It is a beauteous evening, calm and free. The paradox, discovered by the poem's end, is that the girl is more full of worship than the speaker precisely because she is always consumed with sympathy for nature and not — as is the speaker — in tune with nature while immersed in it.
In his reading of Wordsworth's poem, "Composed upon Westminster Bridge"Brooks contends that the poem offers paradox not in its details, but in the situation the speaker creates. Though London is a man-made marvel, and in many respects in opposition to nature, the speaker does not view London as a mechanical and artificial landscape but as a landscape composed entirely of Memorable and striking essay.
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Since London was created by man, and man is a part of nature, London is thus too a part of nature. It is this reason that gives the speaker the opportunity to remark upon the beauty of London as he would a natural phenomenon, and, as Brooks points out, can call the houses "sleeping" rather than "dead" because they too are vivified with the natural spark of life, granted to them by the men that built them.
Brooks ends his essay with a reading of John Donne 's poem The Canonizationwhich uses a paradox as its underlying metaphor. Using a charged religious term to describe the speaker's physical love as saintly, Donne effectively argues that in rejecting the material world and withdrawing to a world of each other, the two lovers are appropriate candidates for canonization.
This seems to parody both love and religion, but in fact it combines them, pairing unlikely circumstances and demonstrating their resulting complex meaning. Brooks points also to secondary paradoxes in the poem: He contends that these several meanings are impossible to convey at the right depth and emotion in any language but that of paradox.
A similar paradox is used in Shakespeare 's Romeo and Julietwhen Juliet says, "For saints have hands that pilgrims' hands do touch and palm to palm is holy palmer's kiss.
The study of English, however, remained less defined and it became a goal of the New Critical movement to justify literature in an age of science by separating the work from its author and critic see Wimsatt and Beardsley's Intentional fallacy and Affective fallacy and by examining it as a self-sufficient artifact.
In Brooks's use of the paradox as a tool for analysis, however, he develops a logical case as a literary technique with strong emotional effect. His reading of "The Canonization" in The Language of Paradox, where paradox becomes central to expressing complicated ideas of sacred and secular love, provides an example of this development.
Irony for Brooks is "the obvious warping of a statement by the context"  whereas paradox is later glossed as a special kind of qualification that "involves the resolution of opposites.
The bartender gives it to her. Irony is the key to validating the poem because a test of any statement grows from the context — validating a statement demands examining the statement in the context of the poem and determining whether it is appropriate to that context.
In The Well Wrought Urn Brooks shows that paradox was so essential to poetic meaning that paradox was almost identical to poetry. According to literary theorist Leroy Searle, Brooks' use of paradox emphasized the indeterminate lines between form and content.
Criticism[ edit ] R. For one, Brooks believes that the very structure of poetry is paradox, and ignores the other subtleties of imagination and power that poets bring to their poems.
Brooks simply believed that, "'Imagination' reveals itself in the balance or reconciliation of opposite or discordant qualities. The argument for the centrality of paradox and irony becomes a reductio ad absurdum and is therefore void or at least ineffective for literary analysis.New York City Through the Years This page has been viewed more than , times; thank you so much!
The response to my LAX Through the Years photo essay has been overwhelming, and prompted me to create a similar page for the two main New York airports, La Guardia (LGA) and John F Kennedy International Airport (JFK), originally known as Idlewild (IDL), although its official name was New York.
John Locke (—) John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17 th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.
The Nationalist's Delusion. Trump’s supporters backed a time-honored American political tradition, disavowing racism while promising to enact a broad agenda of discrimination. The way Dickens uses striking and memorable characters in “Great Expectations” is the way he published the story. He wrote an extract at a time and then published it in some magazines so the reader would have to read the next issue to find out.
Apple has a long relationship with Adobe. In fact, we met Adobe’s founders when they were in their proverbial garage. Apple was their first big customer, adopting their Postscript language for our new Laserwriter printer. 1. Harold Wilensky put it baldly and succinctly: "Economic growth is the ultimate cause of welfare state development." Harold Wilensky, The Welfare State and Equality (Berkeley: University of California Press, ), p.
2. Thus, Flora and Alber find no correlation between levels of industrialization and social insurance programs of 12 European nations between the s and the s.