Strategies for Meeting Demand If demand for a company's products or services are stable over time or its resources are unlimited, then aggregate planning is trivial. Demand forecasts are converted to resource requirements, the resources necessary to meet demand are acquired and maintained over the time horizon of the plan, and minor variations in demand are handled with overtime or undertime. Aggregate production planning becomes a challenge when demand fluctuates over the planning horizon. For example, seasonal demand patterns can be met by:
For example, both create mission statements and a vision for how the organization will be run and perceived by customers.
Each provider or manufacturer wants to lead the market in its specific industry. However, manufacturing and service operations answer different questions and formulate different strategies when it comes to planning and managing the way in which an organization is run.
Characteristics Manufacturing operations produce tangible goods, which are physical products that can be held and seen.
Manufacturing can be broken down into two branches: While process manufacturers produce goods that typically use a formula and ingredients, such as soda pop or pharmaceutical drugs, discrete manufacturers produce goods from parts, such as electronics, appliances and automobiles.
On the other hand, service operations provide certain intangible services that may not be easily identifiable.
Service operations can be classified into many industries, such as banking, hospitality, advertising and consultancy. Standardization In general, manufacturers have a standardized way of producing goods.
Goods are produced en masse in a factory or warehouse-type environment. One finished product is generally the same as the next. Service operations, by contrast, have more opportunities to customize the services they provide. For example, beauticians and hairdressers must customize the styling and treatments to match the customer's hair, shape of face and other characteristics.
Even in service operations where you receive a tangible product, the service you receive from workers may not always be the same. Production Environment Manufacturing and service operations both plan the environment in which work takes place, but they focus on different elements.
Manufacturing operations, for instance, consider the manufacturing layout. For example, the manufacturing layout can be fixed, process-focused or product-focused, such as in an assembly line factory.
|Case Study Interview Examples and Questions||Design of warehouses is to be based on the dead and live load requirements of the structure as it will be built.|
|Layout Design for a Low Capacity Manufacturing Line: A Case Study - CORE||Questions and Answers You will need to prepare for an interview where case study questions will be asked.|
|Quality in Manufacturing - Case Studies||By doing so, probable production problems may be addressed during the design stage.|
|Chapter 11, Head 3||History[ edit ] The history of production and operation systems began around B. The next major historical application of operation systems occurred in B.|
|Service Operations vs. Manufacturing Operations | kaja-net.com||Quality In Manufacturing Case Studies Some real-world examples of how manufacturers are using quality tools and processes to improve their work and the bottom line.|
These issues affect the manufacturer's workforce performance and total output. Service operations, by contrast, plan the environment according to how it affects customers. For example, service operations are concerned with how the atmosphere appears to customers.
Dimensions of the service environment include the layout of furnishings, arrangement of signs and tangible cues, such as colors and sounds designed to enhance the customer experience.
Operations Management In a manufacturing environment, operations managers oversee the activities required to produce goods from raw materials. Issues managers in this environment face include managing the space to store raw materials, the flow of materials through the manufacturing process, how much product to produce and quality of output.Manufacturing operations, for instance, consider the manufacturing layout.
For example, the manufacturing layout can be fixed, process-focused or product-focused, such as in an assembly line . Lean Manufacturing in Furniture and Supplying Industries Hardware in Upholstered Furniture Production: Case Study Number One Even though Lean Production systems By moving from a ﬂ ow line manufacturing system with one worker per station (see Figure A) to the Double-D Cell design .
Layout Design for a Low Capacity Manufacturing Line: A Case Study The aim of the present study is to make a comparison of the different layout design methods for low-volume batch fashion manufacturing lines.
In particular, a case study was investigated analysing a manufacturing line of felt hats. Layout Design for a Low Capacity.
3M Health Information Systems (HIS) is using AWS Service Catalog to reduce time to market, engineer and provision development pipelines in minutes, and meet corporate governance, security, and compliance requirements.
3M HIS is a worldwide provider of software for the healthcare industry. Case Study 1 Optical Instruments Manufacturer Company A Company A, optical instrument manufacturer, were doing contract manufacturing.
Since the main lines of its client have been shifted to overseas, production for domestic market declined more than half. 1 Work Cells and Cellular Manufacturing Improving the fitness of the factory 2 Cellular Manufacturing v Concept of performing all of the necessary operations to make a component, subassembly, or finished product in a work cell.