They lasted for almost a century and ended with the destruction of Carthage. Here are 10 facts about the Punic Wars. Carthage was a Phoenician city The Phoenicians, originally from Lebanon, were known as successful sea traders and naval warriors.
Visit Website Did you know? The Greek historian Polybius, one of the main sources of information about the Punic Wars, was born around B. A friend of and mentor to Scipio Aemilianus, he was an eyewitness to the siege and destruction of Carthage in B.
While Carthage supported Syracuse, Rome supported Messina, and the struggle soon exploded into a direct conflict between the two powers, with control of Sicily at stake. Though its invasion of North Africa that same year ended in defeat, Rome refused to give up, and in B.
Second Punic War B. Over the next decades, Rome took over control of both Corsica and Sardinia as well, but Carthage was able to establish a new base of influence in Spain beginning in B. Two years later, he marched his army across the Ebro River into Saguntum, an Iberian city under Roman protection, effectively declaring war on Rome.
The Second Punic War saw Hannibal and his troops—including as many as 90, infantry, 12, cavalry and a number of elephants—march from Spain across the Alps and into Italy, where they scored a string of victories over Roman troops at Ticinus, Trebia and Trasimene.
After this disastrous defeat, however, the Romans managed to rebound, and the Carthaginians lost hold in Italy as Rome won victories in Spain and North Africa under the rising young general Publius Cornelius Scipio later known as Scipio Africanus.
Carthage was also forced to give up its fleet and pay a large indemnity to Rome in silver. Third Punic War B. Carthage withstood the Roman siege for two years before a change of Roman command put the young general Scipio Aemilianus later known as Scipio the Younger in charge of the North Africa campaign in B.
After tightening the Roman positions around Carthage, Aemilianus launched a forceful attack on its harbor side in the spring of B.
After seven days of horrific bloodshed, the Carthaginians surrendered, obliterating an ancient city that had survived for some years. The surviving 50, citizens of Carthage were sold into slavery. Also in B. Start your free trial today.Naturally, as with all history, the Punic Wars offer illustrations and principles, not cut-and-paste solutions.
But, for example, there are clear parallels between the restart of hostilities in the Second Punic War and the restart of hostilities in World War II. Goldsworthy does an excellent job of drawing out of his detailed, yet readable /5(47).
Aug 21, · The three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome took place over nearly a century, beginning in B.C. and ending with the destruction of Carthage in B.C. By the time the First Punic War broke. Punic Wars, also called Carthaginian Wars, (– bce), a series of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire, resulting in the destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean.
Learn all about the history of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars here including the exploits of the great general Hannibal Barca. At the start of the wars, Carthage was a rich and modern city state as well as a major maritime power.
Due to the loss of historical records in the destruction of the Third Punic War, knowledge of the city and its culture remains spotty. Here are 10 facts about the Punic Wars.
1. They are known as the Punic Wars because the Carthaginians are in origin Phoenician (punicus in Latin). The first war flares up in Sicily, an island disputed between Greek colonies at its eastern end and Carthaginian settlements in the west.